Friday, February 7, 2020
Strategic Failure at Daimler-Chrysler - Assignment Example From the works of Blasko, Netter and Sinkey (2000), there were very many strategic plans that were set to make sure that the merger worked. The strategic issue was that the companies were to use their strengths to work together and create a formidable collection of products for the customers. JuÃ ¨rgen Schrempp had indicated that what was being created was the greatest and historic merger that would automatically change the face of the automotive industry (Bill & Stertz, 2001, p. 92). The strategies were aimed at the merger shaping the capacity of the industry. Looking at the factors that led to consolidation of the boards of the two companies into signing the Ã¢â¬ËmarriageÃ¢â¬â¢ agreement, there was a misconception that would haunt the outcomes later. The deep set strategic misconception that highly led to a negative was a misconception that the industry was to go through a transformative consolidation in which other companies would survive as smaller competitors in the market. This was proved wrong with the successful growth of mergers like Renault-Nissan. Secondly, there was the misconception that the two companies would complement each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s strengths in the market in terms of quality production, type of product and market segmentation. However, it was found that they would not necessarily rule the market due to a miscalculation that was mistaken. Based on technical know-how and sharing, the two companies were to realise, as per the financial strategies a total of $1.4 billion in the first year of operations. These were far high misconceptions and, as far as the depth of their contribution to the failure is concerned, it was a deep set problem which saw a creation of strategies without considering the market economies and diseconomies. Depth of Mismanagement According to Krebbs (2007), the marriage between Daimler and Chrysler was doomed to fail right from the start because of three reasons. He alleges that much as the conditions were of the idea that they would share much of the resources, Chrysler was purchased, treated as such and the whole process was a scum. Therefore, the issue as to what extent management caused the failure of the union includes failure from the initial strategies. The union was based on ego and therefore the more the management profited from it, the better. This was not good for the company and other stakeholders. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t an issue of compatibility but personal satisfaction. Secondly, Krebbs still assert that there was no commitment in the marriage in which case the German side viewed it as very temporary (Krebbs, 2007, p. 3). This caused laxity in its contributions to the whole management process. The relationship is also said to lack vision for the future. After the merger, top management also merged and there were single positions created. In autumn of 2000, the CEO of DaimlerChrysler announced that he had initially wanted that Chrysler be a subsidiary to the union (Pooley, 2005, p. 29). This was a very strong indication that there was absolutely lack of will in the management of the two companies and therefore everybody affiliated to Chrysler became reluctant to continue service in the union. Therefore, the management had
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Evaluating the non-survival of best technologies in the long-term Essay Abstract The essay under consideration analyzes the factual statement that best technologies do not survive in the long term. The statement has been considered under real life incidences, scenarios, and personal experiences, by virtue of which, several conclusions have been obtained and justified through relevant logic. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Technology, for the purpose of this paper, has been restricted to the IT only; however, there are other implications and applications. There are several reasons for failure in long term survival of even the best technologies. Some of them are found to be of the highest probability of occurrence, others seem rather less risky. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã However, analyzing these is extremely important because technology research and development, and implementation require major cash outflows that need to be controlled and planned well in order to avoid struggle for survival. It is also worth mentioning that in majority of the circumstances, latest technologies are implemented without prior research of their impact. Avoidance to this can also make things much easier. Introduction As the facts state, and are known to all, that not more than 10% infact even lesser projects are successful across the IT industry due to several reasons . Similarly, technologies that are really tremendous also do not survive in the long run. Technology may have several definitions, however, the easiest to comprehend definition is: Technology can be defined as the applied part of research and development. Elaborating on the above-mentioned definition, any organization may conduct RD activities but just the part of it that is applied is converted into technology . Technology is generally associated to IT and pertinent topics only; however, technology applies to enhancements and advancements of any entity. Despite this, the scope of this paper restricts the view of technology to IT hardware and software, and pertinent entities/issues only. There are several issues and causes that pertain to the long term success of a technology. Relevance Study of this non-survival is not just important, but is critical to know and analyze. The prime reasons being that it is only its study and exploration that possibly may lead to non-repetition of such issues in the future . However, the past shows history otherwise i.e. repetition of these issues has been witnessed in several failure cases. Also a point where this study gains extreme criticality is the fact that research and development costs and involves huge some of money that needs to be compensated (pay-back) once the technology is commercialized. If it, however, fails to deliver and sustain, survive in the long term, all efforts of RD simply go to waste . Analysis of Issues For deeper analyses, it is most important to define the exact meaning of the topic. Survival in the long run implies that as a technology grows in its PLC (Product Life Cycle), it should have added customer base. When it is being said that best technologies do not survive in the long run, this statement implies that even the best of technologies are unable to sustain their competency in the long run, thus losing out the customer base. Or in other words, the possibility and cases that lead to a decline, referring to the query that why are technologies not able to survive for a longer term of life , . Therefore, hypothetically, if the technology losses its clients due to some issues pertinent to the technology itself, the technology may be pronounced as a failure or non-survivor during the long term . For further analyses of the issues that lead to the non-survival of some great technologies, the initial step should be their identification and then exploration. Following are the major issues pertinent to this: Extra-ordinary Expectations It can also be called as the inability of technologies to deliver what is actually expected from them. This can be a dual-sided problem. On one side, it is possible that during the phase of research and development, many technologies are elaborated and exposed to media and other stakeholders as the ultimate benchmarks beyond which no further development may take place. In such a scenario, technologies are bound to perform much below the Ã¢â¬Ëspeculation-builtÃ¢â¬â¢ expectation of the target audience. The other side is the fact that the technology may be elaborated upon parity to what it actually is, however, it may truly be below par. Thus gradually, those who adapted that technology, move towards a substitute or the previously run satisfying technology, as the case may be, in the long run; this is a trend that leads to the new technology not surviving in the long run . Timing of Updates Updates are another wide issue why technologies may fail. Updates can be identified as patches or additional utilities that enhance the working of a technology. As the world is highly dynamic, technology keeps advancing, thus requiring timely updating of technology. In this regard, there are two prime concerns why a technology may fail : Mistimed Updates The updates may not be timed as appropriately as required. For example, a software vendor may provide an anti-virus update of their software 6 months after that virus has started its destruction. Such updates are mistimed updates that do not satisfy the customers and may cause a technology failure. Irregular Updates A similar concept is of irregular updates. For example, a software vendor may actually provide updates with the first one in first month and then on randomly after any variable interval of time. This again is a hassle for the customer to actually update the technology as per a random walk. The issue might be as critical as it may not sound, and may actually cause the customers to walk away from such technologies causing them to fail. The implementation of a modern technology, which is definite to be costly, leads to the customer expectation of after sales services including regular updates and renewal versions are the primary expectation that a customer may hold. Failure to deliver these may cause the customers to shift to alternatives, causing a decline in the usability of technology. This decline denies the chances of survival in the long term. Costly Maintenance The technology may effectively be the best and most advance; however, its maintenance cost may be on the similar height due to lesser expertise in the advance technology, costly equipments, etc. The lesser expertise may increase the dependency on a single vendor, pushing him into premium charging from the customers, and as a result, customers might want to shift to an alternative or to the previously held technology, that again leads to survival issues for new technologies in the long run . Compatibility Issues In the long run, organizations need to interact with their value/supply chain and thus requiring compatibility among the systems of the two organizations i.e. the technology each has implemented respectively. Failing to endure compatibility may lead to an eventual failure of the technology; primarily because organizations are most definite not to prefer technology that is incompatible with others, unless the organization stands tall in a commanding position in the value chain. Further Advancements in Technology Also referred to as Constructive-Destruction by some authors, technology may fail due to rapid development in the similar field enhancing the scope of accomplishments through enhancements, while these enhancements may fall beyond the scope of the previous technology, causing customers to shift to the latest technology for added services obtainable from the same. Thus, technological advancements may actually lead to the existing technologies not surviving for long. This can also be rephrased as the obsolesce factor . Consider the example of type-writers; these were considered a tremendous technology of their time. However, the advent of computer (keyboard and printer) actually ruined the existing technology of type writers. Another example can be the shift from Infrared to Bluetooth technology in terms of wireless mediums. Alignment of Business Strategy Vs. IT Strategy At times a tremendous technology may just not survive due to absence of in-built/default best practices that may align the IT strategy to the business strategy. Generally, the best practices are indulged, particularly in case of ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) tools, whereby organizations while implementing these technologies, tend to perform BPR (Business Process Re-engineering). This in-turn has an effect on the whole of the business strategy and of course; BPR at that stage assures the appropriate alignment of the two strategies. Failure to align suitably may not be depicted at once; however gradual illustration of the same would encourage firms to shift their IT solutions and vendors, causing the decline of users and thus, creating a survival struggle. Lack of Vendor Support The best of the best technologies may not survive for even a shorter spam of time if the vendor support is lacking or missing. Many individuals and corporate clients may, for instance, find Linux a better operating system than many others even including Windows. However, lack of support leads to the survival struggle. There are firms working on providing its support but the current market share of it vs. windows says the whole story . Lack of Monitoring Control on the Implementation Due to lack of monitoring and controlling the implementation of a technology, things may seem alright as implemented for a short spam of time. However, in the long run, as soon as problems start to appear, the think-tanks may blame the actual technology. Again, the reduction in usage rate assures a decline and a struggle for survival in the long run. Lack of Creativity Innovation Technological development is no short term or Ã¢â¬Ëonce-doneÃ¢â¬â¢ sort of a task. For staying in business, a technology related firm must assure constant creativity and innovation in the technology launched in the first go. Creativity, innovation, and basically something new; if these factors missing from the approach, mission, and vision of a technology provider organization, in that case it is certain that the organization itself may not survive in the long run, let alone the technology it is developing. Life Expectancy Expected useful life of technologies has decline tremendously over the past decade. With new technology developed almost all the time anywhere in the world, the product life cycle has reduced x-axis value. In such a scenario, even the best of the best technologies struggle to survive in the long run. This primarily pertains to the competition that has developed so drastically that no technological advancement actually remains advancement over a period of time. In such a scenario, firms should come up with new research and development that could actually be deployed in technology useful for an organization in developing its competency . Technology Migration Strategies A technology should be adaptive in nature, and should be able to comprehend migration strategies across different technologies. Migration here may also imply the development of compatibility with other technology. This becomes more crucial when technological platform has to be changed or back ups need to be regenerated. A weak technology in this regard is most definite to create a non-survival scenario among existing technologies . Conclusion Understanding the root causes of failure is the first step towards its elimination , . Technology is useless without application. It can be viewed from the above argument that technology that has the above-mentioned loopholes, may not survive in the long run. A simplest and most routine example that can be considered is the WINDOWS vs. DOS operating systems. Most of the above mentioned problems, if not all, were presence in the DOS systems and absent from the WINDOWS platform, and the stories of survival and accomplishments are known to all . To conclude, it can actually not be said with extreme confidence that best technologies do not survive in the long-run at all. In the long-run, there are further advancements that lead to the non-survival of previous technologies . However, there are some technologies that are still existent in the world from the past and are expected remain so. One of the prime examples of the same is a wheel. Wheel probably is manÃ¢â¬â¢s finest creation, and possibly the advent of technology in human age . Despite of prospering a lot today, wheel exists in this world today even in its basic form, let alone the advance version. But yes, mostly technologies do not survive in the long run because they are substituted through their or a substitute advance versions . References James A. OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien (1999) Management Information Systems: Managing Information technology in the Internetworked Enterprise, 4th Edition Adas, Michael (1989). Machines as the Measure of Men: Science, Technology, and Ideologies of Western Dominance. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-2303-1. Monsma, Stephen V., et al. (1986). Responsible Technology: A Christian Perspective. Grand Rapids, Mich.: W.B. Eerdmans. ISBN 0-8028-0175-7. Noble, David F. (1984). Forces of Production: A Social History of Industrial Automation. New York: Knopf. ISBN 0-394-51262-6. Roussel, Philip A.; Kamal N. Saad, and Tamara J. Erickson (1991). Third Generation R D: Managing the Link to Corporate Strategy. Boston, Mass.: Harvard Business School Press. ISBN 0-87584-252-6. Davis, Aquilano Chase (2003) Fundamentals of Operations Management, 4th Edition Applegate, Austin McFarlan (2003) Corporate Information Strategy Management, 6th Edition R. Ray Gehani (2003) Management of Technology Operations Rory Burke (2000) Project Management: Planning Control Techniques, 3rd Edition Camp, J. (2000), Trust and Risk in Internet Commerce, MIT Press, Cambridge MA Goodhart, C and M Krueger (2001) The impact of technology on cash usage, London School of Economics Financial Markets Group Discussion paper no 374, April. NARA/Long-Term Usability of Optical Media [Internet]. Available from: http://palimpsest.stanford.edu/bytopic/electronic-records/electronic-storage-media/critiss.html [Accessed 9 April 2007] How Failure Breeds Success [Internet]. Available from: http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/06_28/b3992001.htm [Accessed 9 April 2007] Technology and Educational Revolution: Ending the Cycle of Failure [Internet]. Available from: http://www.tltgroup.org/resources/V_Cycle_of_Failure.html [Accessed 9 April 2007] Technology Failure Analysis: Understanding Why A Diabetes Management Tool Developed for A Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) DidnÃ¢â¬â¢t Work in a Randomized Control Trial [Internet]. Available from: http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1480274 [Accessed 9 April 2007] Failure Causes [Internet]. Available from: http://www.it-cortex.com/Stat_Failure_Cause.htm [Accessed 9 April 2007] Failure Analysis and Root Causes Determinations for the Legal Profession webinar March 27th [Internet]. Available from: http://www.storksmt.com/page.html?id=12753 [Accessed 9 April 2007] To Avoid Failure You Must First Understand Failure [Internet]. Available from: http://www.tfdg.com/index.cfm?page=45 [Accessed 9 April 2007] When Technology Fails: They Key to Dealing with Technology Failure is to Prepare for it [Internet]. Available from: http://globeandmail.workopolis.com/servlet/Content/rprinter/20020703/cpsa-techfail [Accessed 9 April 2007] The Daily (2004), Electronic Commerce and Technology, 16 April [Internet]. Available from: http://www.statcan.ca/daily [Accessed 9 April 2007]
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
George Orwell Many writers use satire techinques to attack areas of life they didn't agree with. Satire is a cunning way to express their opinions. Some of these works today are considered masterpieces and works of art. One writer who was a genius at incorporating beliefs in his writings was George Orwell. Commonly known by his pen name, George Orwell was an English novelist and social critic (Wadsworth 866). Orwell was born in Begal, India and was later educated in Eton, England. He was the son of Richard Blair an opium agent and his "much younger wife" Ida. Relations between Orwell and his father wre non-existent for the first eight years of his life ("Orwell," The Oxford Companion 516). Orwell was considered to be "another public school boy," who alwys seemed to the with an "akward squad" (George Orwell," The Oxford Illustrated Hisory 442). In 1990-4, Orwell, his mother, and his older sister moved to England leaving Orwell's father on his own in India until he retired in 1911. Orwell continued his education at "St. Cyprian's Preparatory School under the regime of Mr. and Mrs. Wilkes," which he later brutally portrayed in his novel Such, Such Were the Joys" ("Orwell," The Oxford Companiion 516). After leaving schoo l, he joined the "Imperial Indian Police," and after five years in Burma, resigned in 1928 ("George Orwell," The Oxford Anthology 2140). Burma left him with a "lifelo...
Monday, January 13, 2020
Columbus Day has regarded Christopher Columbus as a hero for his Ã¢â¬Å"discoveryÃ¢â¬ of America. In parts of America there are big Columbus Day celebrations and parades; even the schools are closed so the children may experience the festivities. The fact of the matter is that Columbus Day does not celebrate the actual Ã¢â¬Å"accomplishmentsÃ¢â¬ of Columbus, but celebrates the PG story of Columbus that school teachers would tell elementary school children in the form of a rhyme or song.The celebration of Columbus Day glorifies the colonial conquest, enslavement, and murder of indigenous people by Europeans and should be wiped off the books of American national holidays because Christopher Columbus is not a great Italian explorer who discovered America and ColumbusÃ¢â¬â¢ exploration led the massive genocide of the indigenous people. All throughout America, Italian-American people celebrate Christopher Columbus as one of the great Italian heroes.In reality, Columbus was not eve n Italian but Genoese, which is a person born in Genoa. Italy did not become a country until 1861 which is 355 years after Columbus died. While Columbus was alive he did not go on his famous trip across the Atlantic Ocean sponsored by Genoa but instead sponsored by Spain. Christopher Columbus set out on his exploration to find a faster trade route to Asia and so traveled East thinking that would have been a faster way; obviously this is not true.In Howard ZinnÃ¢â¬â¢s essay, Columbus, The Indians, and Human Progress, the writer states that Columbus would have never made it to Asia and, Ã¢â¬Å"One-fourth of the way there he came upon an unknown, uncharted landÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Zinn). If Columbus was the great explorer that Columbus Day portrays him as, then he would have at least realized that the land he discovered was not Asia but instead America. When Columbus died, he thought that he went to Asia even though an acquaintance of his, Amerigo Vespucci, had already realized that the l and Columbus went to was not Asia but the New World.Besides the fact that Columbus was not even close to getting to Asia, he did not Ã¢â¬Å"discoverÃ¢â¬ America, but instead he informed Europe of the existence of the landmass. The land was already inhabited by millions of Amerindian that had been living in America for thousands of years. The Order of the Sons of Italy in America argue in their article, Columbus: Fact or Fiction, that Columbus did discover America by saying, Ã¢â¬Å"Even if others visited the continent sporadically before he did, their voyages had no historical ignificance. Ã¢â¬ The OSIA meant that even if anyone visited the New Land before Columbus; since their discovery did not have any grand importance or documentation that the other explorerÃ¢â¬â¢s discoveries do not matter. Even though Columbus never took credit for discovering America because he thought he was in Asia the whole time, Americans of today blindly give him the grand title of the Ã¢â¬Å"disco verer of AmericaÃ¢â¬ when he actually just brought the land into the minds of the people of Europe.When Columbus first arrived in the New World, there were more than eight million American Indian (Taino) living in the area where Columbus landed which was the Bahamas. Columbus did not see the Taino as a civilization of people but as stated in ZinnÃ¢â¬â¢s article Columbus wrote in his journal that, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦They would make fine servantsÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Columbus quoted in Zinn). With that Columbus began his subjugation of the Taino because he wanted gold that no one else was sure existed in the abundance that Columbus believed.The AdmiralÃ¢â¬â¢s presence and interference with the TainoÃ¢â¬â¢s daily lives caused disputes and separation of the Taino tribes as well as the destruction their lands which helped lead to their downfall. Juliet Ucelli argued in her article, Italian-Americans: Say Basta to Columbus, about how she did not want the Italian people to be like Columbus in the way that he would, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦go into other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lands, take them over, and exploit labor and resources. Ã¢â¬ This exploitation leads Columbus to build mines in which he forced the Taino to arduous physical labor, which killed millions.If a native man did not bring in enough gold at the end of the month, Columbus would have the laborerÃ¢â¬â¢s hands cut off which caused massive blood loss and ultimately death. Mothers would drown their children because they had no way of feeding them and did not want their child to grow up in such conditions. In the essay Ã¢â¬Å"Thief, Slave Trader, Murderer: Christopher Columbus and Caribbean Population DeclineÃ¢â¬ Mark Freeland and Tink Tinker, the authors, indicate that, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦Colon presided over the deaths of some seven and a half million people. Ã¢â¬ By the end of ColumbusÃ¢â¬â¢ voyage he killed almost all of the indigenous people.By the time Columbus was carried away in chains, only 500,000 of the origina l 8 million TainoÃ¢â¬â¢s were left, and those were wiped out by the rest of the European explorers who were inspired by Columbus. A lot of Americans celebrate Columbus Day without ever knowing the true facts of what actually went on during his exploration. Nowadays more people have learned the truth about Christopher Columbus and started to protest the day dedicated to his wrongdoings. Columbus Day should be abolished and replaced because of the acts of genocide and the overall sense that Columbus was not a great explorer.Works Cited Freeland, Mark, and Tink Tinker. Ã¢â¬Å"Thief, slave trader, murderer: Christopher Columbus and Caribbean population decline. Ã¢â¬ Wicazo Sa Review 23. 1 (2008): 25+. General OneFile. Web. 28 Oct. 2012. Order of the Sons of in America, Columbus: Fact vs. Fiction. (2005): n. page. Web. 28 Oct. 2012. Ucelli, Juliet. Ã¢â¬Å"Italian-Americans: Say Basta to Columbus. Ã¢â¬ (2012): n. page. Web. 28 Oct. 2012. Zinn, Howard. Ã¢â¬Å"Columbus, The Indians, and Human ProgressÃ¢â¬ PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s History of the United States. (2012): n. page. Web. 28 Oct. 2012.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
The Best Man Gets the Win Once upon a time in the middle of fall, leaves were falling from the trees like feathers. Bruce, a golden colored wolf, sat on a rock looking at the city below him. Hoping that maybe this year would be the year he can prove himself worthy to Panthera, the Queen of Sundham. Her old companion recently past and, it is time for a replacement. To take on such a position, one must a pass rigorous task, which will test your strengths. The winner will be PantheraÃ¢â¬â¢s husband Bruce will be her new husband. The day is finally upon us Bruce put on his best clothes, and walked to the castle where he will face his opponent. Finally making it to the castle Bruce sees Griffin the massive lion he will be facing in his challenge. Griffin walks to Bruce with his great canine teeth and says, Ã¢â¬Å" You should go home now before I make a fool out of you!Ã¢â¬ Bruce towering over the lion replies Ã¢â¬Å" When you see me standing in arms with Queen Panthera, then you will see who is really the fool.Ã¢â¬ Griffin bumps into Bruce and his smile slides off his face as he slowly walks. Griffin and Bruce both lined up at the courtyard, everybody roaring to the tops of their lungs, following after is silence, a silence that can only means the QueenÃ¢â¬â¢s arrival. Walking gracefully to the microphone a green cat eyes jaguar appeared to wear a red dress with a sheath on her waist. With one big gulp of air Panthera announces Ã¢â¬Å" Hello my fellow citizens, you can only imagine how dreadful I hav e beenShow MoreRelatedSample Resume : Track Field Athlete1354 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesUsain Bolt is the best Track Field athlete II. Narration Who is Usain Bolt? How has he changed Track Field? 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Cody Zeller (UNC): I loved college it was fun the NCAA tournament is the pinnacle ofRead MoreTheme Of Racial Intolerance In To Kill A Mockingbird1158 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesa fictional town called Maycomb County in Alabama. The narrator was a young girl in the novel names Scout Finch. Throughout the book Scout, her older brother Jem, and her best friend Dill discover new things and b ecome more mature. Then towards the end of the book Atticus, the father of Jem and Scout, agrees to defend a black man named Tom Robinson, who is accused of raping a white girl. In the book To Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, racial intolerance and courage are two of the many themes demonstratedRead MoreReview Of A Man Of No Importance 955 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesA Man of No Importance is a musical that takes place in Dublin in the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s. It follows the story of a young man, Alfie. Alfie is the director of a theater group, and also a bus conductor. Throughout the musical, he is directing his latest musical, while doing so, he not only uncovers new things about his actors and acrtresses, but himself as well. He is constantly struggling with his inner demons, which Oscar Wilde, the writer of the play Alfie is producing, helps Alfie sort through. Wilde is displayedRead MoreSuccess: Extended Definition Essay examples809 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesjust by trying. It is not the criti c who counts; not the man who points out how the strong man stumbled, or where the doer of deeds could have done better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena; whos face is marred by dust, sweat, and blood; who strives valiantly; who errs and comes up short again and again; who knows the great enthusiasms, the great devotions, and spends himself in a worthy cause; who at the best knows in the end the triumph of high achievement; and who,
Friday, December 27, 2019
Oedipus, a Tragic Hero? Elizabeth Howell English 102- B33 Professor Katie Robinson Liberty University October 12, 2012 Oedipus, a Tragic Hero? Thesis: Using AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s five different descriptions of a tragic hero, we will show that Oedipus in Oedipus the King is in fact a tragic hero and how his decisions led to his downfall. Outline: I. Introduction and Thesis Statement II. Is the character of noble birth? A. King of Thebes B. Real father was king III. Though the tragic hero is pre-eminently great, he/she is not perfect. A. Freewill B. Fallibility IV. The heroÃ¢â¬â¢s downfall, therefore, is partially his/her own fault. A. Easily angered B. Unwilling to accept truth. V. The heroÃ¢â¬â¢s misfortune is notÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Oedipus decides that he does not want to look upon the misery that he has caused and gauges his own eyes out with pins from a dress. He then banishes himself from the city of Thebes. Oedipus takes the responsibility as king and does not want his children shunned upon. As a consequence, Oedipus will live the rest of his life in blindness, as a punishment far worse that what he deserved. When Oedipus had vision he was in the dark for not knowing the past. However, when Oedipus blinded himself, he was brought from the darkness into the light because he finally knows of h is destiny. Besides being a tragic hero whose punishment was not wholly deserved, Oedipus is also a tragic hero because his fall is not pure loss; his fall involves an increase of selfknowledge. Throughout the play, Oedipus is lacking the knowledge of who his real parents are. Also, Oedipus is stuck with the prophecy that he will eventually kill his father and marry his mother. The combination of these two things leads to changes in Oedipuss actions which lead him to actions that lead to his downfall. Basically, what it comes down to is that Oedipus was blind, figuratively, his entire life. It must be tough to live an entire lifetime without having full self-awareness and self-knowledge. Although theShow MoreRelatedOedipus As A Tragic Hero1506 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesA true hero does not merely wear a cape, but this individual possesses admirable characteristics. A hero inspires the people around him and he is honorable. Heroes influential individuals from fairytale stories and myths of a real-life hero. Yet, none of these influential people are perfect. The tragic hero is clearly defined by Aristotle as being a person of admirable character, yet completely human with noticeable flaws. Moreover, this individual is not exempt from suffering. In SophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ tragicRead MoreOedipus-a Tragic Hero706 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesRunning head: Oedipus-A Tragic Hero Research Paper ENGL 102: Literature and Composition) Fall 2015 Melinda Meeds L26683811 APA Outline Thesis: In SophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å"OedipusÃ¢â¬ , Oedipus is exemplified as a tragic hero according to AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s definition because his story appeals to the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s humanity in the way he maintains his strengths after inadvertently causing his own downfall. I. Oedipus A. The noble birth. B. Describe OedipusÃ¢â¬â¢ character. II. Tragedy A. DescribeRead MoreIs Oedipus A Tragic Hero?1167 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages2014 Is Oedipus a tragic hero? Aristotle, Ancient Greek philosopher whom did a lot of philosophizing, he believed in a logical reality. AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s objective was to come up with a universal process of reasoning that would allow man to learn every imaginable thing about reality. The initial process involved describing objects based on their characteristics, states of being and actions. Aristotle once said A man doesn t become a hero until he can see the root of his own downfallÃ¢â¬ . Oedipus was a mythicalRead MoreOedipus the Tragic Hero1390 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOedipus; The Tragic Hero In the Fourth Century BC, a famous philosopher named Aristotle wrote about the qualities that a tragic hero must possess. Ever since that time, there have been many examples of tragic heroes in literature. None of those characters, however, display the tragic hero traits quite as well as Oedipus, the main character from the play Oedipus Rex by Sophocles. Oedipus is, without a doubt, the absolute quintessence of a tragic hero. His example shines as clear as a sunny summerRead MoreOedipus As A Tragic Hero1724 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesstory of Oedipus, Oedipus is considered a Ã¢â¬Å"Tragic HeroÃ¢â¬ because of the tragic fate and effect that he had upon his life. My definition of a tragedy is a great loss that has a unhappy ending to which concluded me to state that Oedipus falls under that category. Throughout the book, Oedipus is leading himself to his own destruction when trying to find the killer of the late King Laios. So when a journal article I found published by The John Hopk ins University Press stated that a Ã¢â¬Å"tragic hero is a manRead MoreOedipus, A Tragic Hero1648 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Oedipus, a Tragic Hero Bob Livingston Liberty University Ã¢â¬Æ' Sophocles presented the world with Oedipus around 2500 years ago. Never-the-less, the story remains among the most riveting of all time. He was, in fact, a man that was driven by a very high internal moral standard. It was that internal moral standard that ultimately entwined him in a sequence of events and circumstances that placed him in the spousal relationship with his mother. Oedipus, in fact, can truly be regarded as a tragic heroRead MoreOedipus a Tragic Hero1516 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesOedipus A Tragic Hero English 102 Literature and Composition Summer B 2011 Terry Garofolo 22816762 APA Sophocles presented the world with Oedipus around 2500 years ago. Never-the-less, the story remains among the most riveting of all time. Unfortunately, today when we hear the mention of the name Oedipus we place negative connotations around it. Oedipus, after all, had an unnatural sexual relationship with his own mother! In actuality, however, this relationship emerged entirely innocentlyRead MoreOedipus As A Tragic Hero1094 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn the play Oedipus the King, Oedipus struggles to accept the truth and lets his temper over power him. He can be displayed as a tragic hero. His refusal to accept the truth led to OedipusÃ¢â¬â¢ down fall. A tragic hero, as defined by Aristotle, Ã¢â¬Å"is a literary character who makes a judgment error that inevitably leads to his/her own destruction.Ã¢â¬ SophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ Oedipus exemplifies AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s definition of a tragic hero. In the play, Oedipus unknowingly has cursed the entire town of Thebes. He was cursedRead MoreOedipus, A Tragic Hero1832 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesmany others will likely fade away. Oedipus Rex is a tragic tale set in Ancient Greece. Greek thinker, Aristotle, said there were certain elements that would make a person qualified as a Ã¢â¬Å"tragic hero.Ã¢â¬ (Adade-Ywboah, Ahenkora Amankwah, 2012). We think of heroes being larger than life, possessing impeccable honor, integrity, strong leadership and having the higher moral ground. However, tragic heroes are different; they are imperfect and will inevitably face a tragic downfall. Per Aristotle, there areRead MoreOedipus the Tragic Hero754 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn the play Oedipus the King we identify the classic tragic hero. The character Oedipus Rex plays the role of the tragic hero perfectly. He shows the three main characteristics being talented and of noble birth, possessing a tragic flaw that causes the downfall and pain of everyon e, and the recognition of responsibility. OedipusÃ¢â¬â¢s first characteristic of being a tragic hero is being talented and of noble birth. Oedipus was talented because during his journey to runaway form his curse, the oracle
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Marx and Weber both provide a critical analysis of capitalism, studying the origins of capitalism and the general characteristic of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s capitalistic society. This essay will be discussing the similarities and differences between both sociologistÃ¢â¬â¢s in their writings of capitalism. To begin with, MarxÃ¢â¬â¢s work and contributions will be considered, particularly focusing on his main book, Capital, and how this book is a very clear demonstration of the emergence of capitalism in the nineteenth century. His concept of alienation will be looked at, as will his idea of commodity fetishism and how he placed paramount importance on the idea of exchange value in developing a capitalist society. This essay will then be moving on to a comparisonÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Marx made the assertion that this transition occurred with the increasing conflict between the economy of the city and the rural economy, which ultimately led to a division between production and commer ce. Between 1475 and 1850, an economic change took place in property relations, which resulted in feudal land being transformed into private property. As the seizure of property became increasingly common, serf labourers were unable to meet even the most basic of economic needs. Due to this, the labourers were placed at the hands of those who owned the new forces of production, which caused them to become the Ã¢â¬Ëdetached classlessÃ¢â¬â¢ who began searching for way to earn their livelihoods by selling their labour in the new industrial centres that were quickly emerging. Upon recognising these historical conditions, Marx went on to define Capitalism as a system of social relations which became set in motion during historical periods during the transformation from feudal to industrial economies. Marx took the argument that neither labour, money nor commodities were enough to solely define capitalism. Upon making this statement, Marx held the view that for a society to be capitalistic, both money and basic commodities needed to be conveyed into a social relation system. Corresponding to Morrison (2010, p. 84) Marx argued that a commodity was Ã¢â¬Ëa thing whose qualities can satisfy human needsÃ¢â¬â¢. Such examples of these commodities that Marx identified were bread, clothes andShow MoreRelatedCompare and Contrast the Marxist and Weberian Theories of Social Class. Why Do You Think Marx Emphasises Relations of Production in the Formation of Classes Whilst Weber Suggests the Market and Consumption Are the Important Factors?1750 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCompare and contrast the Marxist and Weberian theories of social class. Why do you think Marx emphasises relations of production in the formation of classes whilst Weber suggests the market and consumption are the important factors? All human societies have been class based in some way, shape or form and, interpreting this in the most basic way, it can be said that in every known human society there has been a fundamental division between two broad social groups, the buorgeoisie that own and controlRead MoreCompare and Contrast Marxist and Weberian Theories of Stratification1525 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesQ: Compare and Contrast Marxist and Weberian Theories of Stratification. The purpose of this essay is to compare, contrast and critically evaluate Marxist and Weberian theories of stratification. To do this effectively this essay must explain and consider the main features, claims and perspectives of both Karl Marx and Max Weber. OÃ¢â¬â¢Donnell (1992) defines social stratification as Ã¢â¬Å"the division of a society or group into hierarchically ordered layers. Members of each layer are considered broadly equalRead MoreKarl Marx And Max Weber1324 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesKarl Marx and Max Weber were influential sociologists that paved the way for modern sociological school of thought. Both, Karl Marx and Max Weber contributed a lot to the study and foundation of sociology. Without their contributions sociology would not be as prominent as it is today. From the contribution of how sociology should be studied, to how they applied their theories to everyday life has influenced many sociologists. Predominantly, both of these theoristsÃ¢â¬â¢ discussed the effe cts of capitalismRead MoreMarx, Weber, Durkheim And Durkheim883 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesof sociology are Marx, Weber, and Durkheim and they are referred to as the sociological canon. Social order, stability, and the classification of the human society was of great impetus to the theories of the sociological canon. The purpose of this essay is to describe the classification of human society, according to Marx, Weber and Durkheim; as well as, critically compare and contrast the sociological canonÃ¢â¬â¢s different explanations of social order and stability. To begin , Marx classified humanRead MoreKarl Marx And Max Weber1003 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction Karl Marx and Max Weber both made tremendous contribution on the development of Sociology. Their studies and theories still have significant meaning for modern sociologists to explore the social world. As Weber are born after Marx about several decades, his theories are influenced by Marx to a great extend so that Weber finds much common ground with Marx. Their conceptions about religion,capitalism, social class and power are in some ways compatible. The aspects of their study areRead MoreKarl Marx, Emile Durkheim And Max Webers Influence On Religion1727 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThree theorists, Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim and Max Weber, are undoubtedly the fathers of modern sociology. Ã¢â¬Å"Nineteenth century Western Europe was pounded by pivotal forces of transformation. Politics, education, religion, communication science, art, and social life were being revolutionized.Ã¢â¬ (Mohseni 1994;85) Each with distinct views on society and religion, these sociologists are and their the ories are significant especially in the field of society. Just as much as they play a major role in theRead MoreCritique Of Hegel s Pure Thoughts1408 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfreedom. Offering an opposing analysis to HegelÃ¢â¬â¢s pure thoughts, Marx a materialist, saw ideas and perceptions as the result of material social, economical and historical conditions. Marx analyzed the basis of all history to understand civil society. Property was at the basis of MarxÃ¢â¬â¢s argument and how the state developed. In critiquing Hegel, Marx thought reality created the mind. PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas and ideologies were conditioned by the historical formation of powers or production and relations toRead MoreKarl Marx And Max Weber1332 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesstudy of religion. I chose Karl Marx and Max Weber for my paper assignment. Two sociologists and philosophers have discussed their views on religion and its impact on society. Most of the Sociologist of that time wrote about the role of religion in society, Karl Marx and Max Weber observations are particularly relevant for our course. Religion is one of the principle social ideologies that impacts social stability and modification. This paper will compare and contrast their views on the impact of religionRead MoreIncome Inequality : The Perspectives Of Marx And Weber Essay1505 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPerspectives of Marx and Weber In the United States, income inequality is drawing more and more attention from the media, sociologists, politicians, and everyday citizens like us since the economic difference during the past decades became more pronounced than before. Karl Marx and Max Weber both discussed their ideas of social inequality and addressed the relationship between inequality and social structure as an important theme in their work. This paper compares and contrasts the approaches of Marx and WeberRead MoreMarx Weber and Durkheim on Religion Essays1378 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAll three main sociologist writers Karl Marx, Max Weber and Emile Durkheim offer different perspectives on religion and how important it is to society. Some of the theorists chose to have a positive view whilst others argue the unimportance of religion. This essay attempts to discover which theorist has the most accurate perspective of religion in modern times. This is done by firstly explaining the basic ideas regarding to religio n put forward by Marx, Weber and Durkheim. Then both Marxs and Durkheims